India is running out of water
India’s booming population needs one thing parts of the country are desperately short of — water. Due to poor dam development, the country relies heavily on groundwater, and many parts of the country are emptying their aquifers faster than they can fill. Take it from a Capetonian — you don not want your city running out of water. This powerful Reuters data viz story is excellent, and terrifying.
India’s water stress has increased in the last few decades as borewells were dug to extract more and more groundwater for water-guzzling crops such as rice and sugarcane.
Ideally, surface water should be stored during monsoon season and used throughout the year instead of groundwater. India has built many large dams in the last few decades, but still there are hundreds of incomplete dams and successive federal governments have spent billions of dollars over the years to complete them. But several are still unfinished due to bureaucratic sloth, corruption, opposition to land acquisition and lack of coordination within the government.